Key numbers ? August 2020

6.5 million Number of job openings at the end of August
2.0 Job seekers ratio ? The number of unemployed persons per job opening
6.6 million Excess unemployed ? The number of unemployed persons in excess of the number job openings
8.2 million Jobs deficit ? The difference between the total number of hires and the total number of separations since February

August

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey shows hiring failed to improve: Congress must act to fix massive jobs shortfall

Next update: November 2020

By Elise Gould ? October 6, 2020

Last week, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that, as of the middle of September, the economy was still?10.7 million jobs below where it was in February. Job growth slowed considerably over the last few months and the jobs deficit in September was easily over 12 million from where we would have been if the economy had continued adding jobs at the pre-pandemic pace. Today’s BLS Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) reports job openings softened from 6.7 million in July to 6.5 million in August while layoffs and quits both dropped. While the slowdown in layoffs is promising, the drop in quits is a concern. Hiring in August was on par with what we experienced in July. The U.S. economy is seeing a significantly slower pace of hiring than we experienced in May or June—hiring is roughly where it was before the recession, which is a big problem given that we have more than 12 million jobs to make up. No matter how it is measured, the U.S. economy is facing a huge job shortfall.

One of the most striking indicators from today’s report is the job seekers ratio, that is, the ratio of unemployed workers (averaged for mid-August and mid-September) to job openings (at the end of August). On average, there were 13.1 million unemployed workers while there were only 6.5 million job openings. This translates into a job seeker ratio of two unemployed workers to every job opening. Another way to think about this: for every 20 workers who were officially counted as unemployed, there were only available jobs for 10 of them. That means, no matter what they did, there were no jobs for 6.6 million unemployed workers. And this misses the fact that many more?weren’t counted among the unemployed.?Without congressional action to stimulate the economy, we are facing a slow, painful recovery.

As winter approaches and many families face?eviction?and?hunger, it is essential that Congress provide relief to all of those unemployed workers who have no hope for employment and are desperately trying to make ends meet. The first dose of austerity exhibited by the loss to the vital enhanced unemployment insurance benefit in August is already taking a toll on job creation. At this slowing pace of job growth, it will take years to return to the pre-pandemic labor market.

It didn’t have to be this way. With additional aid to state and local governments as well as reinstituting the $600 weekly boost to unemployment insurance (UI), it is likely that job growth could be over 10 million jobs higher through the next year (5.3 million for state and local aid plus 5.1 million for UI extensions). Unfortunately, continued federal inaction will make it far harder in coming months to claw back the jobs lost during the pandemic.

Quick reminders about the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS):

Hires, quits, and layoff rates, 2000–2020

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
Dec-2000 4.1 2.2 1.5
Jan-2001 4.3 2.5 1.7
Feb-2001 4 2.3 1.4
Mar-2001 4.2 2.3 1.6
Apr-2001 3.9 2.4 1.4
May-2001 4.1 2.3 1.5
Jun-2001 3.9 2.2 1.5
Jul-2001 4 2.2 1.6
Aug-2001 4 2.2 1.5
Sep-2001 3.8 2.1 1.6
Oct-2001 3.9 2.1 1.8
Nov-2001 3.7 1.9 1.7
Dec-2001 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jan-2002 3.7 2.2 1.5
Feb-2002 3.7 2 1.5
Mar-2002 3.6 1.9 1.4
Apr-2002 3.8 2 1.5
May-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jun-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jul-2002 3.8 2 1.6
Aug-2002 3.7 2 1.5
Sep-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Oct-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Nov-2002 3.7 1.8 1.5
Dec-2002 3.7 1.9 1.5
Jan-2003 3.9 1.9 1.6
Feb-2003 3.6 1.9 1.5
Mar-2003 3.4 1.8 1.5
Apr-2003 3.5 1.8 1.5
May-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Jun-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Jul-2003 3.6 1.8 1.6
Aug-2003 3.6 1.7 1.7
Sep-2003 3.7 1.8 1.5
Oct-2003 3.8 1.9 1.5
Nov-2003 3.7 1.8 1.5
Dec-2003 3.8 1.9 1.5
Jan-2004 3.7 1.8 1.6
Feb-2004 3.7 1.9 1.5
Mar-2004 4 2 1.6
Apr-2004 3.9 1.9 1.5
May-2004 3.8 1.8 1.5
Jun-2004 3.8 2 1.4
Jul-2004 3.7 2 1.4
Aug-2004 3.8 2 1.5
Sep-2004 3.8 1.9 1.5
Oct-2004 3.9 1.9 1.4
Nov-2004 3.9 2.1 1.5
Dec-2004 3.9 2 1.5
Jan-2005 3.9 2.1 1.5
Feb-2005 4 2 1.5
Mar-2005 4 2.1 1.6
Apr-2005 4 2.1 1.5
May-2005 3.9 2.1 1.5
Jun-2005 4 2.1 1.5
Jul-2005 4 2 1.4
Aug-2005 4 2.2 1.4
Sep-2005 4.1 2.3 1.5
Oct-2005 3.8 2.1 1.4
Nov-2005 4 2.1 1.3
Dec-2005 3.9 2.1 1.4
Jan-2006 3.9 2.2 1.3
Feb-2006 4 2.2 1.4
Mar-2006 4.1 2.2 1.4
Apr-2006 3.8 2 1.4
May-2006 4 2.2 1.5
Jun-2006 4 2.2 1.3
Jul-2006 4.1 2.2 1.4
Aug-2006 3.9 2.2 1.3
Sep-2006 3.9 2.1 1.3
Oct-2006 3.9 2.2 1.4
Nov-2006 4 2.2 1.4
Dec-2006 3.8 2.2 1.3
Jan-2007 3.9 2.2 1.4
Feb-2007 3.8 2.1 1.3
Mar-2007 4 2.2 1.4
Apr-2007 3.9 2.1 1.5
May-2007 4 2.2 1.4
Jun-2007 3.8 2.1 1.3
Jul-2007 3.8 2.1 1.4
Aug-2007 3.9 2.2 1.5
Sep-2007 3.9 2 1.6
Oct-2007 3.9 2.1 1.5
Nov-2007 3.7 2 1.4
Dec-2007 3.7 2 1.4
Jan-2008 3.7 2.1 1.5
Feb-2008 3.7 2.1 1.4
Mar-2008 3.6 1.9 1.4
Apr-2008 3.6 2.1 1.4
May-2008 3.4 1.9 1.4
Jun-2008 3.6 1.9 1.6
Jul-2008 3.4 1.8 1.5
Aug-2008 3.4 1.8 1.6
Sep-2008 3.3 1.8 1.5
Oct-2008 3.3 1.7 1.7
Nov-2008 3 1.6 1.7
Dec-2008 3.2 1.5 1.9
Jan-2009 3.1 1.5 1.9
Feb-2009 3 1.5 1.9
Mar-2009 2.9 1.4 1.9
Apr-2009 2.9 1.3 2
May-2009 2.9 1.3 1.7
Jun-2009 2.8 1.3 1.7
Jul-2009 3 1.3 1.7
Aug-2009 2.9 1.2 1.6
Sep-2009 3 1.3 1.7
Oct-2009 3 1.3 1.6
Nov-2009 3.1 1.4 1.5
Dec-2009 3.1 1.4 1.6
Jan-2010 3 1.3 1.5
Feb-2010 3 1.4 1.4
Mar-2010 3.3 1.4 1.5
Apr-2010 3.2 1.5 1.3
May-2010 3.4 1.4 1.3
Jun-2010 3.1 1.5 1.6
Jul-2010 3.2 1.4 1.7
Aug-2010 3.1 1.4 1.4
Sep-2010 3.1 1.5 1.4
Oct-2010 3.2 1.4 1.3
Nov-2010 3.2 1.4 1.4
Dec-2010 3.3 1.5 1.4
Jan-2011 3.1 1.4 1.4
Feb-2011 3.2 1.5 1.3
Mar-2011 3.4 1.5 1.4
Apr-2011 3.3 1.4 1.4
May-2011 3.2 1.5 1.4
Jun-2011 3.3 1.5 1.5
Jul-2011 3.2 1.5 1.4
Aug-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Sep-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Oct-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Nov-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Dec-2011 3.3 1.5 1.4
Jan-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Feb-2012 3.4 1.6 1.4
Mar-2012 3.4 1.6 1.3
Apr-2012 3.3 1.6 1.4
May-2012 3.4 1.6 1.5
Jun-2012 3.3 1.6 1.4
Jul-2012 3.2 1.5 1.3
Aug-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Sep-2012 3.2 1.5 1.3
Oct-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Nov-2012 3.3 1.5 1.4
Dec-2012 3.3 1.5 1.3
Jan-2013 3.3 1.7 1.2
Feb-2013 3.4 1.7 1.2
Mar-2013 3.2 1.6 1.3
Apr-2013 3.4 1.7 1.3
May-2013 3.4 1.6 1.3
Jun-2013 3.3 1.6 1.3
Jul-2013 3.3 1.7 1.3
Aug-2013 3.5 1.7 1.3
Sep-2013 3.5 1.7 1.4
Oct-2013 3.3 1.7 1.2
Nov-2013 3.4 1.7 1.2
Dec-2013 3.4 1.7 1.3
Jan-2014 3.4 1.7 1.3
Feb-2014 3.4 1.7 1.3
Mar-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Apr-2014 3.5 1.8 1.3
May-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Jun-2014 3.5 1.8 1.3
Jul-2014 3.6 1.9 1.3
Aug-2014 3.5 1.8 1.2
Sep-2014 3.7 2 1.2
Oct-2014 3.7 1.9 1.3
Nov-2014 3.6 1.8 1.2
Dec-2014 3.7 1.8 1.3
Jan-2015 3.6 2 1.3
Feb-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Mar-2015 3.6 2 1.4
Apr-2015 3.7 1.9 1.3
May-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Jun-2015 3.6 1.9 1.3
Jul-2015 3.6 1.9 1.2
Aug-2015 3.6 2 1.2
Sep-2015 3.7 2 1.4
Oct-2015 3.7 2 1.3
Nov-2015 3.8 2 1.2
Dec-2015 3.9 2.1 1.3
Jan-2016 3.6 2 1.3
Feb-2016 3.9 2.1 1.3
Mar-2016 3.7 2 1.3
Apr-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
May-2016 3.6 2.1 1.2
Jun-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jul-2016 3.8 2.1 1.2
Aug-2016 3.7 2.1 1.3
Sep-2016 3.6 2.1 1.1
Oct-2016 3.6 2.1 1.1
Nov-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Dec-2016 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jan-2017 3.8 2.2 1.2
Feb-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Mar-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Apr-2017 3.6 2.1 1.2
May-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Jun-2017 3.9 2.2 1.3
Jul-2017 3.7 2.1 1.3
Aug-2017 3.8 2.1 1.3
Sep-2017 3.7 2.2 1.2
Oct-2017 3.8 2.2 1.2
Nov-2017 3.7 2.1 1.2
Dec-2017 3.7 2.2 1.2
Jan-2018 3.7 2.1 1.3
Feb-2018 3.8 2.1 1.2
Mar-2018 3.8 2.2 1.2
Apr-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
May-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jun-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jul-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Aug-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Sep-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Oct-2018 3.9 2.3 1.2
Nov-2018 3.9 2.3 1.3
Dec-2018 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jan-2019 3.9 2.4 1.2
Feb-2019 3.8 2.4 1.2
Mar-2019 3.8 2.3 1.1
Apr-2019 4 2.3 1.3
May-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jun-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Jul-2019 4 2.4 1.2
Aug-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Sep-2019 3.9 2.3 1.3
Oct-2019 3.8 2.3 1.2
Nov-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Dec-2019 3.9 2.3 1.2
Jan-2020 3.9 2.3 1.1
Feb-2020 3.8 2.3 1.2
Mar-2020 3.4 1.8 7.6
Apr-2020 3.1 1.4 5.9
May-2020 5.4 1.6 1.4
Jun-2020 5.1 1.9 1.4
Jul-2020 4.2 2.1 1.3
Aug-2020 4.2 2 1

 

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The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The layoff rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment. The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

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Total hires, layoffs, and quits, 2000-2020

Date Hires Quits Layoffs
Dec-2000 ?5,426 ?2,868 ?2,035
Jan-2001 ?5,722 ?3,261 ?2,220
Feb-2001 ?5,303 ?3,040 ?1,838
Mar-2001 ?5,528 ?3,041 ?2,126
Apr-2001 ?5,204 ?3,172 ?1,880
May-2001 ?5,410 ?2,991 ?2,041
Jun-2001 ?5,109 ?2,886 ?2,004
Jul-2001 ?5,244 ?2,969 ?2,060
Aug-2001 ?5,223 ?2,933 ?2,004
Sep-2001 ?4,954 ?2,704 ?2,101
Oct-2001 ?5,078 ?2,798 ?2,327
Nov-2001 ?4,914 ?2,544 ?2,260
Dec-2001 ?4,829 ?2,553 ?1,931
Jan-2002 ?4,855 ?2,857 ?1,908
Feb-2002 ?4,801 ?2,558 ?1,964
Mar-2002 ?4,706 ?2,479 ?1,870
Apr-2002 ?4,928 ?2,633 ?1,956
May-2002 ?4,857 ?2,536 ?1,977
Jun-2002 ?4,869 ?2,529 ?2,003
Jul-2002 ?4,946 ?2,579 ?2,120
Aug-2002 ?4,871 ?2,567 ?1,915
Sep-2002 ?4,879 ?2,522 ?2,016
Oct-2002 ?4,798 ?2,426 ?1,940
Nov-2002 ?4,792 ?2,388 ?1,950
Dec-2002 ?4,893 ?2,490 ?2,014
Jan-2003 ?5,058 ?2,436 ?2,113
Feb-2003 ?4,714 ?2,473 ?2,006
Mar-2003 ?4,470 ?2,382 ?1,939
Apr-2003 ?4,600 ?2,289 ?1,999
May-2003 ?4,678 ?2,290 ?2,078
Jun-2003 ?4,682 ?2,322 ?2,065
Jul-2003 ?4,639 ?2,283 ?2,078
Aug-2003 ?4,666 ?2,201 ?2,154
Sep-2003 ?4,799 ?2,357 ?1,927
Oct-2003 ?4,902 ?2,421 ?1,975
Nov-2003 ?4,767 ?2,395 ?1,954
Dec-2003 ?4,984 ?2,436 ?2,012
Jan-2004 ?4,900 ?2,360 ?2,044
Feb-2004 ?4,788 ?2,437 ?1,972
Mar-2004 ?5,227 ?2,573 ?2,052
Apr-2004 ?5,152 ?2,541 ?2,013
May-2004 ?4,976 ?2,427 ?1,917
Jun-2004 ?5,009 ?2,667 ?1,877
Jul-2004 ?4,891 ?2,631 ?1,895
Aug-2004 ?5,013 ?2,591 ?1,964
Sep-2004 ?5,062 ?2,535 ?2,024
Oct-2004 ?5,149 ?2,558 ?1,911
Nov-2004 ?5,181 ?2,776 ?2,042
Dec-2004 ?5,153 ?2,687 ?1,953
Jan-2005 ?5,201 ?2,740 ?2,017
Feb-2005 ?5,276 ?2,642 ?2,059
Mar-2005 ?5,273 ?2,738 ?2,179
Apr-2005 ?5,362 ?2,747 ?1,961
May-2005 ?5,271 ?2,763 ?2,020
Jun-2005 ?5,376 ?2,759 ?2,007
Jul-2005 ?5,328 ?2,744 ?1,905
Aug-2005 ?5,409 ?2,963 ?1,900
Sep-2005 ?5,493 ?3,051 ?2,031
Oct-2005 ?5,124 ?2,869 ?1,881
Nov-2005 ?5,344 ?2,881 ?1,773
Dec-2005 ?5,294 ?2,841 ?1,926
Jan-2006 ?5,271 ?2,949 ?1,796
Feb-2006 ?5,474 ?2,948 ?1,875
Mar-2006 ?5,524 ?2,948 ?1,877
Apr-2006 ?5,215 ?2,783 ?1,856
May-2006 ?5,498 ?3,003 ?1,988
Jun-2006 ?5,455 ?3,046 ?1,807
Jul-2006 ?5,573 ?3,059 ?1,865
Aug-2006 ?5,373 ?3,062 ?1,771
Sep-2006 ?5,288 ?2,895 ?1,828
Oct-2006 ?5,375 ?2,992 ?1,905
Nov-2006 ?5,495 ?3,025 ?1,928
Dec-2006 ?5,214 ?2,987 ?1,775
Jan-2007 ?5,426 ?2,959 ?1,936
Feb-2007 ?5,160 ?2,921 ?1,845
Mar-2007 ?5,479 ?2,985 ?1,872
Apr-2007 ?5,353 ?2,913 ?2,002
May-2007 ?5,469 ?3,012 ?1,963
Jun-2007 ?5,267 ?2,912 ?1,836
Jul-2007 ?5,217 ?2,958 ?1,904
Aug-2007 ?5,358 ?3,023 ?2,029
Sep-2007 ?5,344 ?2,698 ?2,186
Oct-2007 ?5,398 ?2,933 ?2,005
Nov-2007 ?5,176 ?2,774 ?1,967
Dec-2007 ?5,119 ?2,763 ?1,923
Jan-2008 ?5,071 ?2,851 ?2,010
Feb-2008 ?5,077 ?2,866 ?1,990
Mar-2008 ?4,924 ?2,652 ?1,906
Apr-2008 ?4,948 ?2,840 ?1,957
May-2008 ?4,691 ?2,609 ?1,948
Jun-2008 ?4,893 ?2,597 ?2,153
Jul-2008 ?4,637 ?2,495 ?2,076
Aug-2008 ?4,682 ?2,452 ?2,185
Sep-2008 ?4,499 ?2,477 ?2,087
Oct-2008 ?4,548 ?2,352 ?2,253
Nov-2008 ?4,104 ?2,148 ?2,289
Dec-2008 ?4,348 ?2,081 ?2,497
Jan-2009 ?4,095 ?1,978 ?2,614
Feb-2009 ?4,061 ?1,945 ?2,590
Mar-2009 ?3,858 ?1,829 ?2,560
Apr-2009 ?3,888 ?1,713 ?2,651
May-2009 ?3,758 ?1,684 ?2,228
Jun-2009 ?3,639 ?1,686 ?2,242
Jul-2009 ?3,857 ?1,689 ?2,274
Aug-2009 ?3,810 ?1,561 ?2,113
Sep-2009 ?3,944 ?1,631 ?2,195
Oct-2009 ?3,838 ?1,663 ?2,028
Nov-2009 ?4,024 ?1,803 ?1,911
Dec-2009 ?4,004 ?1,758 ?2,045
Jan-2010 ?3,904 ?1,744 ?1,902
Feb-2010 ?3,864 ?1,834 ?1,817
Mar-2010 ?4,302 ?1,853 ?1,916
Apr-2010 ?4,159 ?1,898 ?1,744
May-2010 ?4,420 ?1,814 ?1,761
Jun-2010 ?4,111 ?1,911 ?2,061
Jul-2010 ?4,163 ?1,789 ?2,173
Aug-2010 ?4,046 ?1,852 ?1,886
Sep-2010 ?4,034 ?1,901 ?1,834
Oct-2010 ?4,173 ?1,848 ?1,746
Nov-2010 ?4,182 ?1,881 ?1,848
Dec-2010 ?4,299 ?1,968 ?1,865
Jan-2011 ?4,000 ?1,833 ?1,846
Feb-2011 ?4,231 ?1,952 ?1,748
Mar-2011 ?4,430 ?2,028 ?1,787
Apr-2011 ?4,296 ?1,883 ?1,787
May-2011 ?4,261 ?1,966 ?1,903
Jun-2011 ?4,366 ?1,923 ?1,926
Jul-2011 ?4,261 ?1,990 ?1,850
Aug-2011 ?4,298 ?2,043 ?1,842
Sep-2011 ?4,429 ?2,045 ?1,875
Oct-2011 ?4,370 ?2,000 ?1,796
Nov-2011 ?4,365 ?2,031 ?1,911
Dec-2011 ?4,356 ?1,975 ?1,811
Jan-2012 ?4,457 ?2,032 ?1,817
Feb-2012 ?4,560 ?2,123 ?1,896
Mar-2012 ?4,575 ?2,163 ?1,775
Apr-2012 ?4,389 ?2,136 ?1,868
May-2012 ?4,533 ?2,140 ?1,968
Jun-2012 ?4,440 ?2,151 ?1,883
Jul-2012 ?4,327 ?2,075 ?1,729
Aug-2012 ?4,450 ?2,080 ?1,889
Sep-2012 ?4,302 ?1,957 ?1,808
Oct-2012 ?4,389 ?2,037 ?1,897
Nov-2012 ?4,489 ?2,070 ?1,920
Dec-2012 ?4,452 ?2,045 ?1,708
Jan-2013 ?4,487 ?2,281 ?1,690
Feb-2013 ?4,571 ?2,281 ?1,655
Mar-2013 ?4,369 ?2,118 ?1,780
Apr-2013 ?4,572 ?2,297 ?1,786
May-2013 ?4,663 ?2,237 ?1,833
Jun-2013 ?4,440 ?2,203 ?1,755
Jul-2013 ?4,561 ?2,367 ?1,731
Aug-2013 ?4,730 ?2,331 ?1,814
Sep-2013 ?4,726 ?2,307 ?1,892
Oct-2013 ?4,518 ?2,374 ?1,681
Nov-2013 ?4,622 ?2,384 ?1,630
Dec-2013 ?4,614 ?2,281 ?1,774
Jan-2014 ?4,626 ?2,312 ?1,815
Feb-2014 ?4,696 ?2,401 ?1,758
Mar-2014 ?4,763 ?2,441 ?1,697
Apr-2014 ?4,880 ?2,476 ?1,752
May-2014 ?4,808 ?2,486 ?1,706
Jun-2014 ?4,925 ?2,506 ?1,753
Jul-2014 ?5,008 ?2,637 ?1,801
Aug-2014 ?4,810 ?2,564 ?1,698
Sep-2014 ?5,149 ?2,737 ?1,716
Oct-2014 ?5,111 ?2,721 ?1,844
Nov-2014 ?4,978 ?2,588 ?1,727
Dec-2014 ?5,192 ?2,543 ?1,860
Jan-2015 ?5,061 ?2,766 ?1,800
Feb-2015 ?5,127 ?2,731 ?1,746
Mar-2015 ?5,126 ?2,748 ?1,960
Apr-2015 ?5,196 ?2,706 ?1,848
May-2015 ?5,142 ?2,746 ?1,708
Jun-2015 ?5,125 ?2,756 ?1,813
Jul-2015 ?5,150 ?2,768 ?1,721
Aug-2015 ?5,163 ?2,888 ?1,773
Sep-2015 ?5,287 ?2,783 ?1,963
Oct-2015 ?5,338 ?2,814 ?1,852
Nov-2015 ?5,358 ?2,891 ?1,779
Dec-2015 ?5,540 ?3,043 ?1,804
Jan-2016 ?5,204 ?2,893 ?1,831
Feb-2016 ?5,559 ?2,997 ?1,926
Mar-2016 ?5,362 ?2,900 ?1,877
Apr-2016 ?5,277 ?2,954 ?1,774
May-2016 ?5,206 ?3,010 ?1,792
Jun-2016 ?5,277 ?2,988 ?1,733
Jul-2016 ?5,419 ?2,976 ?1,786
Aug-2016 ?5,301 ?3,007 ?1,827
Sep-2016 ?5,283 ?3,044 ?1,596
Oct-2016 ?5,234 ?3,078 ?1,636
Nov-2016 ?5,316 ?3,017 ?1,767
Dec-2016 ?5,380 ?2,986 ?1,718
Jan-2017 ?5,517 ?3,176 ?1,765
Feb-2017 ?5,366 ?3,081 ?1,698
Mar-2017 ?5,395 ?3,134 ?1,749
Apr-2017 ?5,265 ?3,034 ?1,704
May-2017 ?5,454 ?3,126 ?1,796
Jun-2017 ?5,642 ?3,157 ?1,958
Jul-2017 ?5,502 ?3,118 ?1,900
Aug-2017 ?5,528 ?3,134 ?1,866
Sep-2017 ?5,401 ?3,212 ?1,807
Oct-2017 ?5,635 ?3,193 ?1,819
Nov-2017 ?5,473 ?3,157 ?1,732
Dec-2017 ?5,426 ?3,222 ?1,736
Jan-2018 ?5,511 ?3,034 ?1,957
Feb-2018 ?5,669 ?3,175 ?1,781
Mar-2018 ?5,629 ?3,301 ?1,794
Apr-2018 ?5,587 ?3,373 ?1,729
May-2018 ?5,819 ?3,405 ?1,776
Jun-2018 ?5,783 ?3,389 ?1,807
Jul-2018 ?5,691 ?3,443 ?1,791
Aug-2018 ?5,792 ?3,446 ?1,796
Sep-2018 ?5,610 ?3,400 ?1,780
Oct-2018 ?5,855 ?3,485 ?1,830
Nov-2018 ?5,818 ?3,460 ?1,910
Dec-2018 ?5,762 ?3,415 ?1,832
Jan-2019 ?5,834 ?3,530 ?1,734
Feb-2019 ?5,703 ?3,541 ?1,791
Mar-2019 ?5,689 ?3,525 ?1,698
Apr-2019 ?6,000 ?3,492 ?1,950
May-2019 ?5,687 ?3,486 ?1,764
Jun-2019 ?5,760 ?3,481 ?1,763
Jul-2019 ?5,975 ?3,612 ?1,812
Aug-2019 ?5,839 ?3,544 ?1,792
Sep-2019 ?5,959 ?3,429 ?1,962
Oct-2019 ?5,757 ?3,442 ?1,778
Nov-2019 ?5,857 ?3,528 ?1,769
Dec-2019 ?5,927 ?3,528 ?1,893
Jan-2020 ?5,921 ?3,575 ?1,749
Feb-2020 ?5,864 ?3,436 ?1,846
Mar-2020 ?5,111 ?2,789 ?11,489
Apr-2020 ?4,047 ?1,877 ?7,708
May-2020 ?7,199 ?2,067 ?1,903
Jun-2020 ?6,970 ?2,605 ?1,995
Jul-2020 ?5,903 ?2,932 ?1,745
Aug-2020 ?5,919 ?2,793 ?1,473
ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Note: Shaded areas denote recessions.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

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The job-seekers ratio, 2000–2020

Date Unemployed job seekers per job opening
Dec-2000 1.20
Jan-2001 1.13
Feb-2001 1.22
Mar-2001 1.32
Apr-2001 1.31
May-2001 1.41
Jun-2001 1.49
Jul-2001 1.49
Aug-2001 1.75
Sep-2001 1.83
Oct-2001 2.10
Nov-2001 2.23
Dec-2001 2.33
Jan-2002 2.17
Feb-2002 2.45
Mar-2002 2.37
Apr-2002 2.38
May-2002 2.39
Jun-2002 2.46
Jul-2002 2.41
Aug-2002 2.34
Sep-2002 2.52
Oct-2002 2.40
Nov-2002 2.52
Dec-2002 2.82
Jan-2003 2.45
Feb-2003 2.71
Mar-2003 2.84
Apr-2003 2.77
May-2003 2.73
Jun-2003 2.69
Jul-2003 2.91
Aug-2003 2.78
Sep-2003 2.86
Oct-2003 2.60
Nov-2003 2.62
Dec-2003 2.54
Jan-2004 2.39
Feb-2004 2.39
Mar-2004 2.39
Apr-2004 2.27
May-2004 2.20
Jun-2004 2.45
Jul-2004 2.07
Aug-2004 2.24
Sep-2004 2.09
Oct-2004 2.01
Nov-2004 2.36
Dec-2004 2.00
Jan-2005 2.06
Feb-2005 2.01
Mar-2005 1.92
Apr-2005 1.79
May-2005 1.97
Jun-2005 1.83
Jul-2005 1.70
Aug-2005 1.79
Sep-2005 1.71
Oct-2005 1.78
Nov-2005 1.80
Dec-2005 1.73
Jan-2006 1.62
Feb-2006 1.67
Mar-2006 1.51
Apr-2006 1.43
May-2006 1.55
Jun-2006 1.53
Jul-2006 1.60
Aug-2006 1.47
Sep-2006 1.42
Oct-2006 1.46
Nov-2006 1.50
Dec-2006 1.55
Jan-2007 1.48
Feb-2007 1.48
Mar-2007 1.38
Apr-2007 1.41
May-2007 1.46
Jun-2007 1.45
Jul-2007 1.52
Aug-2007 1.55
Sep-2007 1.54
Oct-2007 1.55
Nov-2007 1.64
Dec-2007 1.74
Jan-2008 1.65
Feb-2008 1.81
Mar-2008 1.84
Apr-2008 1.94
May-2008 2.00
Jun-2008 2.27
Jul-2008 2.42
Aug-2008 2.55
Sep-2008 3.02
Oct-2008 3.03
Nov-2008 3.46
Dec-2008 3.82
Jan-2009 4.57
Feb-2009 4.64
Mar-2009 5.41
Apr-2009 6.05
May-2009 5.67
Jun-2009 5.82
Jul-2009 6.50
Aug-2009 6.31
Sep-2009 6.12
Oct-2009 6.31
Nov-2009 6.23
Dec-2009 6.06
Jan-2010 5.32
Feb-2010 5.72
Mar-2010 5.70
Apr-2010 4.69
May-2010 4.86
Jun-2010 5.15
Jul-2010 4.66
Aug-2010 4.83
Sep-2010 5.00
Oct-2010 4.54
Nov-2010 4.70
Dec-2010 4.78
Jan-2011 4.49
Feb-2011 4.29
Mar-2011 4.26
Apr-2011 4.17
May-2011 4.34
Jun-2011 4.00
Jul-2011 3.75
Aug-2011 4.13
Sep-2011 3.66
Oct-2011 3.68
Nov-2011 3.79
Dec-2011 3.53
Jan-2012 3.28
Feb-2012 3.54
Mar-2012 3.19
Apr-2012 3.26
May-2012 3.28
Jun-2012 3.24
Jul-2012 3.31
Aug-2012 3.20
Sep-2012 3.14
Oct-2012 3.17
Nov-2012 3.21
Dec-2012 3.23
Jan-2013 3.12
Feb-2013 2.97
Mar-2013 2.87
Apr-2013 2.87
May-2013 2.80
Jun-2013 2.77
Jul-2013 2.87
Aug-2013 2.74
Sep-2013 2.73
Oct-2013 2.57
Nov-2013 2.65
Dec-2013 2.58
Jan-2014 2.49
Feb-2014 2.38
Mar-2014 2.29
Apr-2014 2.10
May-2014 2.02
Jun-2014 1.91
Jul-2014 1.95
Aug-2014 1.75
Sep-2014 1.87
Oct-2014 1.78
Nov-2014 1.89
Dec-2014 1.77
Jan-2015 1.63
Feb-2015 1.57
Mar-2015 1.64
Apr-2015 1.52
May-2015 1.53
Jun-2015 1.56
Jul-2015 1.32
Aug-2015 1.44
Sep-2015 1.45
Oct-2015 1.37
Nov-2015 1.43
Dec-2015 1.38
Jan-2016 1.29
Feb-2016 1.36
Mar-2016 1.30
Apr-2016 1.33
May-2016 1.33
Jun-2016 1.34
Jul-2016 1.27
Aug-2016 1.38
Sep-2016 1.36
Oct-2016 1.36
Nov-2016 1.28
Dec-2016 1.29
Jan-2017 1.33
Feb-2017 1.23
Mar-2017 1.22
Apr-2017 1.15
May-2017 1.20
Jun-2017 1.09
Jul-2017 1.10
Aug-2017 1.10
Sep-2017 1.08
Oct-2017 1.04
Nov-2017 1.07
Dec-2017 1.05
Jan-2018 0.99
Feb-2018 1.00
Mar-2018 0.94
Apr-2018 0.90
May-2018 0.91
Jun-2018 0.87
Jul-2018 0.84
Aug-2018 0.84
Sep-2018 0.84
Oct-2018 0.84
Nov-2018 0.82
Dec-2018 0.88
Jan-2019 0.84
Feb-2019 0.88
Mar-2019 0.82
Apr-2019 0.81
May-2019 0.82
Jun-2019 0.84
Jul-2019 0.83
Aug-2019 0.82
Sep-2019 0.82
Oct-2019 0.80
Nov-2019 0.85
Dec-2019 0.89
Jan-2020 0.83
Feb-2020 0.92
Mar-2020 2.51
Apr-2020 4.41
May-2020 3.61
Jun-2020 2.84
Jul-2020 2.23
Aug-2020 2.01

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions.?Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey

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Job openings levels and unemployment levels, 2000–2020

Date

Job Openings level

Unemployment level
Dec-2000 4,868 5,829
Jan-2001 5,362 6,056
Feb-2001 5,008 6,115
Mar-2001 4,698 6,206
Apr-2001 4,752 6,249
May-2001 4,503 6,355
Jun-2001 4,378 6,534
Jul-2001 4,578 6,813
Aug-2001 4,042 7,092
Sep-2001 4,045 7,418
Oct-2001 3,729 7,849
Nov-2001 3,649 8,131
Dec-2001 3,523 8,220
Jan-2002 3,782 8,199
Feb-2002 3,377 8,260
Mar-2002 3,573 8,452
Apr-2002 3,576 8,499
May-2002 3,508 8,396
Jun-2002 3,415 8,392
Jul-2002 3,461 8,347
Aug-2002 3,531 8,278
Sep-2002 3,290 8,279
Oct-2002 3,502 8,414
Nov-2002 3,405 8,580
Dec-2002 3,039 8,580
Jan-2003 3,500 8,569
Feb-2003 3,178 8,603
Mar-2003 3,064 8,715
Apr-2003 3,208 8,900
May-2003 3,336 9,112
Jun-2003 3,398 9,139
Jul-2003 3,073 8,954
Aug-2003 3,204 8,909
Sep-2003 3,082 8,827
Oct-2003 3,330 8,654
Nov-2003 3,218 8,447
Dec-2003 3,281 8,344
Jan-2004 3,462 8,269
Feb-2004 3,478 8,329
Mar-2004 3,492 8,331
Apr-2004 3,615 8,191
May-2004 3,758 8,249
Jun-2004 3,345 8,211
Jul-2004 3,900 8,063
Aug-2004 3,556 7,959
Sep-2004 3,829 7,994
Oct-2004 3,970 7,997
Nov-2004 3,360 7,933
Dec-2004 3,935 7,859
Jan-2005 3,827 7,882
Feb-2005 3,901 7,859
Mar-2005 4,019 7,705
Apr-2005 4,272 7,662
May-2005 3,842 7,588
Jun-2005 4,072 7,465
Jul-2005 4,337 7,376
Aug-2005 4,160 7,449
Sep-2005 4,376 7,503
Oct-2005 4,218 7,510
Nov-2005 4,118 7,423
Dec-2005 4,146 7,172
Jan-2006 4,404 7,124
Feb-2006 4,260 7,128
Mar-2006 4,706 7,096
Apr-2006 4,915 7,050
May-2006 4,505 6,991
Jun-2006 4,625 7,088
Jul-2006 4,467 7,133
Aug-2006 4,739 6,969
Sep-2006 4,778 6,787
Oct-2006 4,643 6,800
Nov-2006 4,530 6,817
Dec-2006 4,469 6,939
Jan-2007 4,750 7,022
Feb-2007 4,618 6,829
Mar-2007 4,926 6,791
Apr-2007 4,820 6,808
May-2007 4,699 6,873
Jun-2007 4,882 7,064
Jul-2007 4,668 7,108
Aug-2007 4,586 7,119
Sep-2007 4,682 7,204
Oct-2007 4,676 7,239
Nov-2007 4,537 7,443
Dec-2007 4,400 7,665
Jan-2008 4,604 7,591
Feb-2008 4,233 7,660
Mar-2008 4,205 7,730
Apr-2008 4,124 8,016
May-2008 4,237 8,485
Jun-2008 3,849 8,756
Jul-2008 3,800 9,188
Aug-2008 3,709 9,466
Sep-2008 3,240 9,784
Oct-2008 3,403 10,306
Nov-2008 3,158 10,912
Dec-2008 3,059 11,672
Jan-2009 2,731 12,478
Feb-2009 2,838 13,162
Mar-2009 2,521 13,640
Apr-2009 2,343 14,176
May-2009 2,574 14,603
Jun-2009 2,517 14,654
Jul-2009 2,264 14,708
Aug-2009 2,365 14,912
Sep-2009 2,481 15,181
Oct-2009 2,422 15,286
Nov-2009 2,435 15,159
Dec-2009 2,487 15,072
Jan-2010 2,833 15,080
Feb-2010 2,651 15,158
Mar-2010 2,679 15,264
Apr-2010 3,217 15,087
May-2010 3,019 14,662
Jun-2010 2,813 14,493
Jul-2010 3,127 14,580
Aug-2010 3,025 14,614
Sep-2010 2,912 14,548
Oct-2010 3,256 14,799
Nov-2010 3,134 14,715
Dec-2010 2,969 14,181
Jan-2011 3,100 13,917
Feb-2011 3,213 13,779
Mar-2011 3,253 13,847
Apr-2011 3,337 13,906
May-2011 3,207 13,909
Jun-2011 3,467 13,863
Jul-2011 3,676 13,791
Aug-2011 3,358 13,883
Sep-2011 3,763 13,771
Oct-2011 3,650 13,448
Nov-2011 3,485 13,198
Dec-2011 3,662 12,945
Jan-2012 3,904 12,805
Feb-2012 3,605 12,763
Mar-2012 3,976 12,680
Apr-2012 3,878 12,653
May-2012 3,861 12,676
Jun-2012 3,916 12,674
Jul-2012 3,790 12,564
Aug-2012 3,839 12,293
Sep-2012 3,861 12,120
Oct-2012 3,808 12,065
Nov-2012 3,787 12,152
Dec-2012 3,840 12,385
Jan-2013 3,915 12,211
Feb-2013 3,981 11,820
Mar-2013 4,080 11,725
Apr-2013 4,078 11,707
May-2013 4,173 11,703
Jun-2013 4,166 11,543
Jul-2013 3,946 11,307
Aug-2013 4,112 11,275
Sep-2013 4,105 11,203
Oct-2013 4,268 10,962
Nov-2013 4,002 10,596
Dec-2013 3,996 10,303
Jan-2014 4,131 10,276
Feb-2014 4,347 10,365
Mar-2014 4,388 10,041
Apr-2014 4,662 9,781
May-2014 4,775 9,660
Jun-2014 4,999 9,534
Jul-2014 4,919 9,604
Aug-2014 5,383 9,431
Sep-2014 4,876 9,126
Oct-2014 5,066 9,040
Nov-2014 4,719 8,904
Dec-2014 4,981 8,801
Jan-2015 5,362 8,742
Feb-2015 5,446 8,557
Mar-2015 5,208 8,533
Apr-2015 5,712 8,692
May-2015 5,599 8,541
Jun-2015 5,263 8,207
Jul-2015 6,143 8,080
Aug-2015 5,510 7,950
Sep-2015 5,445 7,915
Oct-2015 5,832 7,961
Nov-2015 5,573 7,954
Dec-2015 5,676 7,814
Jan-2016 5,994 7,734
Feb-2016 5,757 7,846
Mar-2016 6,137 7,960
Apr-2016 5,868 7,822
May-2016 5,812 7,727
Jun-2016 5,768 7,722
Jul-2016 6,094 7,734
Aug-2016 5,716 7,888
Sep-2016 5,816 7,897
Oct-2016 5,626 7,658
Nov-2016 5,867 7,492
Dec-2016 5,835 7,507
Jan-2017 5,607 7,459
Feb-2017 5,872 7,244
Mar-2017 5,816 7,087
Apr-2017 6,142 7,072
May-2017 5,851 6,996
Jun-2017 6,351 6,900
Jul-2017 6,354 6,982
Aug-2017 6,335 6,969
Sep-2017 6,239 6,720
Oct-2017 6,383 6,648
Nov-2017 6,204 6,629
Dec-2017 6,235 6,572
Jan-2018 6,645 6,612
Feb-2018 6,575 6,567
Mar-2018 6,865 6,456
Apr-2018 6,985 6,314
May-2018 7,028 6,364
Jun-2018 7,280 6,350
Jul-2018 7,326 6,174
Aug-2018 7,249 6,106
Sep-2018 7,282 6,084
Oct-2018 7,237 6,079
Nov-2018 7,509 6,160
Dec-2018 7,303 6,401
Jan-2019 7,520 6,349
Feb-2019 7,048 6,188
Mar-2019 7,364 6,022
Apr-2019 7,284 5,894
May-2019 7,300 5,962
Jun-2019 7,185 6,006
Jul-2019 7,236 6,013
Aug-2019 7,166 5,876
Sep-2019 7,046 5,805
Oct-2019 7,309 5,834
Nov-2019 6,793 5,782
Dec-2019 6,552 5,823
Jan-2020 7,012 5,840
Feb-2020 7,004 6,464
Mar-2020 6,011 15,109
Apr-2020 4,996 22,032
May-2020 5,371 19,368
Jun-2020 6,001 17,044
Jul-2020 6,697 14,944
Aug-2020 6,493 13,065

 

ChartData Download data

The data below can be saved or copied directly into Excel.

Notes: Shaded areas denote recessions. Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month in the Current Population Survey to better line up with the job openings data from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.

Source: EPI analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey and Current Population Survey.?Unemployment levels represent the average of the unemployment level for the current month and the subsequent month to better line up with the job openings data.

Copy the code below to embed this chart on your website.

四虎影视